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SS - Wirtschaftsverwaltungshauptamt WVHA

Last Update 28 January 2006

In 1929, Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler combined all SS administrative affairs in the special SS-Verwaltungsamt (Administration Office). Until April 1939 this department was part of the SS-Hauptamt (Main Office). The Allgemeine SS (General SS) and SS-Verfügungstruppe ("Available SS Troop" for interiour security) belonged to this SS-Hauptamt.

On 1 February 1934 Oswald Pohl became chief of the SS-Verwaltungsamt, from 1 June 1935 chief of the Sicherheitshauptamt (Security Main Office) and Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt (Main Office for Racial and Settlement Affairs) too.

On 20 April 1939 the SS Administration Office became an independent SS Main Office. This new SS Main Office was called Hauptamt Verwaltung und Wirtschaft (Administration and Economy Main Office). In addition Pohl was chief of Hauptamt Haushalt und Bauten (Budget and Building Main Office).
To simplify these structures and terms, the offices Verwaltung und Wirtschaft and Haushalt und Bauten were united and called SS - Wirtschafts- und Verwaltungshauptamt (WVHA) on 1 February 1942.
The WVHA was responsible for all administration, economic and construction affairs of the SS.

It was divided into five offices:
A: Troop Administration, managed by SS-Gruppenführer Frank
B: Troop Management, managed by SS-Gruppenführer Lörner
C: Construction affairs, managed by SS-Obergruppenführer Kammler
D: Concentration camps, managed by SS-Brigadeführer Glücks
W: Economic enterprises, managed by SS-Obergruppenführer Pohl.

Each office included several subdivisions, for example:

Office D I (Concentration Camps / Main Office) Chief: Rudolf Höss
D I/1: Prisoners' affairs
D I/2: Communications, Camp Security, Watchdogs
D I/3: Motor Vehicle Office
D I/4: Weapons and Devices
D I/5: Troop Training

Office D II (Concentration Camps / Prisoners) Chief: Gerhard Maurer
D II/1: Prisoners Employment
D II/2: Prisoners Instruction
D II/3: Statistics and Profit

Office D III (Concentration Camps / Sanitary Matters and Camp Hygiene) Chief: Dr Enno Lolling
D III/1: Medical and Dental Care for SS
D III/2: Medical and Dental Care for Prisoners
D III/3: Sanitary and Hygienic Matters of the KZs

Office D IV (Concentration Camps / Administration) Chief: Max Burger
D IV/1: Budget, Finance and Salaries
D IV/2: Food
D IV/3: Clothing
D IV/4: Quarters
D IV/5: Laws, Taxes and Contracts

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