For digging the huge burial pits in the Aktion Reinhard
death camps the Nazis used big excavators.
The only photos of death camp excavators were taken by Treblinka camp commander
The photos were found in his Treblinka album "Schöne Zeiten
" (Pleasant Times).
In Belzec and Sobibor excavators surely were used also for the same purpose.
ARC is the only website which can show
of the use of excavators at the Treblinka camp site.
At least two types of excavators were used in Treblinka:
Menck & Hambrock Ma
Menck & Hambrock
type "Ma", produced between 1933 and 1944. Power: 70 H.P.,
weight: 27 tons.
|Menck & Hambrock Ma
The inscription "Allbalenz" means:
"All" = Allgemeine
"Ba" = Baugesellschaft
"Lenz" = Lenz AG Berlin
(Lenz Limited Company, Berlin)
Obviously this excavator belonged to the Lenz Comp.
in Berlin, hired by Aktion Reinhard
Only a few of the M&H
Ma-type excavators are still existing worldwide.
A good impression of this type you can get with this photo, by courtesy
|Menck & Hambrock Ma in 2002
Menck & Hambrock Mb
Menck & Hambrock type "Mb", produced between 1933 and 1945. Power: 107 H.P., weight: 37-39.8 tons.
|Menck & Hambrock Mb
The logo of Menck & Hambrock
Company is visible on the excavator. ARC included the colour logo to
give you a certain impression of the appearance at that time. An even better impression you will get by
this recent photo of a M&H
Mb-type excavator which has been junked meanwhile
(by courtesy of bagger-und-bahnen.de
|Menck & Hambrock Mb
On 4 September 1942 Globocnik
sent a telegram to SS-Untersturmführer
in which he ordered two excavators, perhaps for Belzec.
According to the Franz album photos the SS used cable excavators in Treblinka, not bucket excavators.
could not get the two Dutch machines and choosed other types.
Perhaps he realized later that bucket excavators were not useful for digging the burial pits. Who knows for what
else he could have ordered these excavators.
was part of the Lublin Personalabteilung
so perhaps Globocnik
sent him to Holland to look for earth moving equipment.
Source: Public Records Office, Kew (England)
Leiden, Rapenburg 6
© ARC 2005